The real estate industry is vast and complex, encompassing many different aspects.

In its simplest form, real estate is land and anything that sits on it – structures like

houses, office buildings, apartment towers or strip centers, as well as the land itself.

Real estate also includes infrastructure like roads, water and sewer systems. It can

be owned by a private individual, a corporation or an institution such as a school or

church. A person who owns real property has a right to use it, sell it or pass it on to

someone else.


The value of a property is determined by what people are willing to pay for it. The

value of a house, for example, is dependent on its location, amenities and condition.

A home that is located in a desirable neighborhood, close to schools and shopping

centers will be in high demand. Likewise, an apartment that has been recently

remodeled or updated will be more appealing to prospective tenants.


A real estate investor makes money by purchasing and selling properties. Those who

specialize in commercial or residential real estate, for instance, work with business

owners and individuals to buy and sell properties. They are often called realtors or

real estate agents and have a license to operate in the real estate market. Other

members of the real estate industry include brokers, appraisers and attorneys.


Many investors find success in the residential sector of real estate. They may buy

and remodel homes to increase their value or they can flip them quickly for profit.

Some also invest in commercial real estate, though this is riskier and more volatile.


Other areas of the real estate market include industrial, land and special purpose.

Industrial real estate is used for manufacturing, distribution and storage. This type of

property can be pricey, but it’s also highly valuable. Land is undeveloped property,

which can be purchased and developed. Special purpose real estate is property that

is used by the public, such as parks, libraries and schools.Also read


The construction phase of real estate involves the development and building of new

buildings, such as homes, offices, apartments or strip malls. Real estate companies,

developers and architects work together to create a project. They are also

responsible for the maintenance and repair of existing buildings. There are several

financing options for real estate, including conventional loans, FHA loans, VA loans

and USDA loans. Other financing options include hard money loans, private money

loans, seller financing and lease-to-own. Choosing the best financing option depends

on the property type and location, as well as a borrower’s credit score and history.